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Although highly controversial, electoral gender quotas have been introduced recently in a large number of countries around the world to improve women's representation in national parliaments. Women, Quotas and Politics offers the first global comparative analysis of the new trend to introduce gender quotas in public elections wriiten by researchers from all major regions in the world. This book presents cutting-edge research about the discursive controversies and actual implementation processes in countries with quota provisions. Providinga quantitative and qualitative assessment of these quotas in a variety of political systems, from developing nations and new democracies to established democracies, the contributors evaluate how they have been implemented; where these quotas have succeeded and failed; and how they can contribute to the political empowerment of women. Contents List of illustrations List of contributors Acknowledgements List of abbreviations Part I Introductory Chapters 1 Introduction 2 Arguing for and against quotas: theoretical issues Part II Regional chapters 3 The Nordic countries: an incremental model 4 Latin America: the experience and the impact of quotas in Latin America 5 Sub-Saharan Africa: on the fast track to women's political representation 6 The Balkans: from total rejection to gradual acceptance of gender quotas 7 The Arab region: women's access to the decision-making process across the Arab nation 8 Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand: gender quotas in the context of citizenship models 9 South Asia: gender quotas and the politics of empowerment - a comparative study Part III Short case studies 10 Gender quotas in post-conflict states: East Timor, Afghanistan and Iraq 11 Indonesia: the struggle for gender quotas in the world's largest Muslim society 12 Affirmative action at the IPU Part IV Concluding chapters 13 Electoral quotas: frequency and effectiveness 14 Conclusion Index. Printed Pages: 326.