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Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. It is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel derived from biological sources. In sum, bioenergy is the energy extracted from the biomass, as the biomass is the fueld and the bioenergy is the energy contained in the fuel. As a fuel it may include wood, wood waste, straw, manure, and many other byproducts from a variety of agricultural processes. Bioenergy is expected to become one of the key energy resources for global sustainable development. The purpose of this publication is also to evaluate global bioenergy potential, production process and technological innovations required for making it cheap and affordable. This Handbook of Bioenergy and Biofuel tries to create an all around understanding of bioenergy/biofuel and provides readers with an integrated perspective on the subject. Recent global trend sin biofuel energy production, technologies used and extent of regional/national shares are analyzed in detail. Types of food and non food bioenergy crops are outlined in detail. Production processes and technologies used for biogas, biohydrogen and allied fuels are discussed. Siloxane, photohydrogen, biogasoline, butanol fuel, methanol fuel and alcohol fuel are elaborated upon briefly. The culture process and production technology involved in algal and other microbial fuel are also described in brief. Contents: Preface. 1. Understanding bioenergy and biofuel: an integrated perspective. 2. Role of technology and industrial biotechnology in bioenergy and biofuel production and commercialization. 3. Biomass and bionergy: with special focus on heating system and power plants. 4. Global biofuel energy: production, technology and state of regional shares. 5. Major biofuel crops: types, yields and production technologies. 6. Biodiesel: current production, benefits and future prospects. 7. Biogas, biohydrogen and allied fuels: production process and technology. 8. Ethanol: current production process and future prospects. 9. Algal and microbial fuel: culture, production and technology involved. Appendix. Bibliography. Index. Printed Pages: 720.