Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History

By: Andrew J. Nicholson

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Some postcolonial theorists argue that the idea of a single system of belief known as “Hinduism” is a creation of nineteenth-century British imperialists. Andrew J. Nicholson introduces another perspective: although a unified Hindu identity is not as ancient as some Hindus claim, it has its roots in innovations within South Asian philosophy from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries. During this time, thinkers treated the philosophies of Vedanta, Samkhya, and Yoga, along with the worshippers of Visnu, Siva, and Sakti, as belonging to a single system of belief and practice. Instead of seeing such groups as separate and contradictory, they re-envisioned them as separate rivers leading to the ocean of Brahman, the ultimate reality. Drawing on the writings of philosophers from late medieval and early modern traditions, including Vijnanabhiksu, Madhava, and Madhusudana Sarasvati, Nicholson shows how influential thinkers portrayed Vedanta philosophy as the ultimate unifier of diverse belief systems. This project paved the way for the work of later Hindu reformers, such as Vivekananda, Radhakrishnan, and Gandhi, whose teachings promoted the notion that all world religions belong to a single spiritual unity. In his study, Nicholson also critiques the way in which Eurocentric concepts — like monism and dualism, idealism and realism, theism and atheism, and orthodoxy and heterodoxy — have come to dominate modern discourses on Indian philosophy. PRINTED PAGES: 280.

Title: Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History

Author Name: Andrew J. Nicholson

Categories: India, History,

Publisher: New Delhi, Permanent Black/Orient BlackSwan Pvt. Ltd: 2016

ISBN: 817824473X

ISBN 13: 9788178244730

Binding: Hardcover

Seller ID: 900727

Keywords: Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History Andrew J. Nicholson