Existence, Identity and Mobilization: The Cotton Millworkers of Bombay 1890-1919

By: Shashi Bhushan Upadhyay

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Contents: Introduction. I. Home and the mill: 1. City industry and workforce. 2. Conditions of work and life. 3. Women and children. II. Identity and mobilization: 4. Communalism and working class: the riots of 1893. 5. The nationalist links: the protests against Tilak's conviction in 1908. 6. Towards class identity: resistance protests strikes. 7. Conclusion. Appendices. Bibliography. Index. This work is concerned with the early history of labour in the Bombay cotton textile industry. It takes into account various facets of workers lives economic as well as social cultural and political and emphasizes both the uniqueness and commonness of the workers experiences with relation to the rest of the population. The author begins with a structural outline of the industry its history and demographic specificities. The long hours of work the struggle to reduce them ventilation wages housing liquor consumption diseases and indebtedness are discussed with reference to various points of view of workers of millowners of colonial officials of social workers and of nationalists. Numerous citations of workers descriptions of their working and living conditions are given both to counter the official versions as also to augment them. The author then goes on to analyse the formation of the certain crucial identities in the modern colonial and urban context. These were related to religious community nationalism and class. All these were generated as a result of modern political ideas and movements sometimes based on pre modern identities and resulted in three biggest mobilization during this period the communal riots of 1893 the nationalist mobilization in 1908 and the protests and small mobilizations around economic issues culminating in the general industrial strike of 1919. The chapter dealing with the communal riots of 1893 incorporates official debates and characterizations of the riots along with the agitations by the cow protection societies and the ideological assumptions behind census mechanisms. The nationalist mobilization is discussed with reference to the famous instance of workers strikes and protests against Tilak's incarceration in 1908. The interplay of religious and nationalist sentiments and of myth making with conditions of life and work is carefully developed into a complex explanation. Finally the study deals with the emergence of class identity through the first general industrial strike on economic issues. Printed Pages: 238

Title: Existence, Identity and Mobilization: The Cotton Millworkers of Bombay 1890-1919

Author Name: Shashi Bhushan Upadhyay

Categories: India, Economic,

Publisher: New Delhi, Manohar Publishers & Distributors:

ISBN: 8173045291

ISBN 13: 9788173045295

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: New

Jacket Condition: New

Seller ID: 1200682

Keywords: Existence, Identity and Mobilization: The Cotton Millworkers of Bombay 1890-1919 Shashi Bhushan Upadhyay