Indigo and the Raj: Peasant Protests in Bihar 1780-1917

By: Prabhat Kumar Shukla

Price: $15.75

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Book Condition: New


The Book makes an attempt to study indigo plantation in Bihar and discusses how the raiyats posed resistance to it. It traces the development of European interests during the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The demand for the raw material in foreign markets forced the cultivators to grow indigo in colonial India, especially when Bihar was ravaged by recurrent famines. The East India Company's encouragement, patronage and protection to the planters against the raiyats not only earned enormous profit for the "mother country" but also sustained the Raj from below through the planters who established over four hundred indigo kothis in the Gangetic plain of rural Bihar. Forced to grow indigo by the systems of contract and satta, the raiyats fled to Nepal terai in Search of earning their livelihood. The work explains how the collaboration between the zamindars, planters, landlords and the colonial administration proved ruinous to the tenants. But the tenants, although poor, illiterate, backward and ignorant, were not docile and meek enough to surrender before the oppressive masters. Irrespective of caste and community consciousness, the tenants resisted the planters and threatened the social and political base of the Raj. Thus began the tradition of mass protests in Bihar which paved the way for Gandhiji's Champaran movement in 1917.The main thrust of the study lies in the tact that the tenants of Bihar never compromised either with the Zamindars or the' planters or the alien rulers. They gave stiff resistance to the exploiters. Their main contribution was that they showed their combined strength and thus proved their potentiality for a mass political action.Printed Pages: 210.

Title: Indigo and the Raj: Peasant Protests in Bihar 1780-1917

Author Name: Prabhat Kumar Shukla

Categories: India, History,

Edition: First Edition

Publisher: New Delhi, India, Pragati Publications: 1993

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: New

Jacket Condition: New

Seller ID: 101201

Keywords: Indigo and the Raj: Peasant Protests in Bihar 1780-1917 Prabhat Kumar Shukla