Towards a Theory of Rationality in Science: A Plea for Reasonableness

By: S. Stephen Jayard

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This journey towards reasonableness, I trust, will be pleasant and useful not only for those who are familiar with philosophy of science, but also those who are really interested in science. All those who like to have a constructively critical look at science and all its activities and all those who dearly expect science to be human and holistic in all its endeavours, I hope, will find this journey inspiring and informative. Main features of this book are as follow: (i) to show that science is neither the paradigm of absolute knowledge, rational and objective to the core, nor an enterprise where ?anything goes?, with no rationality, no stability, no methodology and no objectivity; (ii) to show that both the rational and the non-rational models of science don?t give the actual picture of science, as it is revealed and substantiated by the recent historians of science; (iii) to show the need to go beyond the traditional accounts of rationality in order to have an adequate of understanding of what happens in the realm of science, including the issues of rationality in science; (iv) to explicate some features of the notion of reasonableness and show how these factors, especially the notion of Consensus in the Scientific Community, which are usually neglected in the traditional accounts of science, need to be earnestly considered to arrive at an integrated understanding of rationality in science in terms of reasonableness; and (v) to bring out some of the implications of taking reasonableness seriously in the Cotemporary Science and Society. Contents Acknowledgement (vii) Preface (ix) Chapter 1: 20th Century?s Theories of Rationality in Science 1 ? Introduction 1 ? Section 1: Proponents of Rational Model of Rationality in Science 2 ? Section 2: Proponents of Non-rational Models of Rationality in Science 27 ? Notes & References 66 Chapter 2: Assessment of the 20th Century?s Theories of Rationality in Science 77 ? Introduction 77 ? Section 1: Assessment of the Rational Models of Rationality in Science 78 ? Section 2: Assessment of the Non-rational Models of Rationality in Science 105 ? Notes & References 135 Chapter 3: Reasonableness ? An Integrated View of Rationality in Science 143 ? Introduction 143 ? Section 1: Traditional Accounts of Rationality and their Constraints 144 ? Section 2: The Need to Revise the Traditional Accounts of Science 169 ? Section 3: Reasonableness: An Integrated Account of Rationality in Science 179 ? Section 4: Consensus in the Scientific Community 203 ? Notes & References 240 Chapter 4: The Implications of Reasonableness for Contemporary Science and Society 253 ? Introduction 253 ? Section 1: Implictions of Reasonableness for Contemporary Science 254 ? Section 2: Implications of Reasonableness for the Contemporary Society 300 ? Notes & References 342 Conclusion 351 ? Notes & References 365 Index 367 Printed Pages: 280.

Title: Towards a Theory of Rationality in Science: A Plea for Reasonableness

Author Name: S. Stephen Jayard

Categories: India, Philosophy,

Publisher: New Delhi, India, Global Vision Publishing House: 2012

ISBN: 8182204534

ISBN 13: 9788182204539

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: New

Jacket Condition: New

Seller ID: 110042

Keywords: Towards a Theory of Rationality in Science: A Plea for Reasonableness S. Stephen Jayard