Classical Indian Philosophy of Mind: The Nyaya Dualist Tradition

By: Kisor Kumar Chakrabarti

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There are many books in English and other European languages in which classical Indian views of the self (atman) are discussed. But in none of them these views are presented in such a way that a reader who is not familiar with the original sources can see for himself that Indian philosophers have thoroughly and rigorously dealt with a wide range of issues in the philosophy of mind. Our work is the first attempt to fill this gap although in a very limited way. It is not a comprehensive work seeking to cover all major classical Indian philosophies of mind. Rather it is mainly devoted to selected topics pertaining to the Nyaya-Vaisesika (Nyaya for short) philosophy of mind. Besides the Nyaya, we have discussed the Carvaka, Buddhist, Samkhya, Advaita, and Cartesian views and offered criticisms of each of these from the Nyaya point of view. There are also references to some recent physicalist, functionalist and neo-Humean views and brief critiques of them. In the appendix we have provided an annotated translation of selected passages of Udayana's masterpiece entitled Atmatattvaviveka, which is devoted to some key issues in the Nyaya philosophy of mind. This book examines psycho-physical dualism as developed by the Nyaya school of Indian philosophy. Dualism is important to many world religions which promote personal immortality and to morality which promotes free will. For the Nyaya, the self is a permanent, immaterial substance to which non-physical internal states like cognition belong. This view is challenged by other Indian schools, especially the Buddhist and Carvaka schools. Chakrabarti brings out the connections between the Indian and the Western debates over the mind-body problem and shows that the Nyaya position is well developed, well articulated, and defensible. He shows that Nyaya dualism differs from Cartesian dualism and is not vulnerable to some traditional objections against the latter. A brief discussion of the Samkhya and the Advaita theories of the self and the critique of these views from the Nyaya standpoint are included, as well as a discussion of a classical Nyaya causal argument for the existence of God. The appendix contains an annotated translation of selected portions of Udayana's Masterpiece, Atmatattvaviveka (Discerning the Nature of the Self). Printed Pages: 330.

Title: Classical Indian Philosophy of Mind: The Nyaya Dualist Tradition

Author Name: Kisor Kumar Chakrabarti

Categories: India, Philosophy,

Edition: Second Reprint

Publisher: New Delhi, India, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.: 2017

ISBN: 8120841093

ISBN 13: 9788120841093

Binding: Softcover

Book Condition: New

Seller ID: 117508

Keywords: Classical Indian Philosophy of Mind: The Nyaya Dualist Tradition Kisor Kumar Chakrabarti